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http://physics.ohio-state.edu/he_theory/he_theory.html

Relativistic quantum field theory is the basic language of high energy physics. Some aspects of quantum field theory are perturbative—that is, they can be understood in terms of Feynman diagrams. Diagrammatic methods are one of the basic research tools of the group. There are other aspects of quantum field theory that are nonperturbative. A major effort at Ohio State involves solving nonperturbative quantum field theories using lattice gauge theory, a method in which space-time is approximated by a lattice of discrete points. Another research effort uses effective field theories to develop systematic approximations to some nonperturbative aspects of a theory. Another important research direction is the study of supersymmetric quantum field theories, which have a special symmetry that relates fermions and bosons and makes some nonperturbative problems more tractable.

There are many reasons to believe that the Standard Model is incomplete, and that there are other elementary particles and fundamental forces in nature. They include the existence of dark matter, oscillations between different neutrinos, the asymmetry between matter and antimatter in the universe, and the equal strength of the three Standard Model forces at some large energy scale. A major effort at Ohio State is trying to discover the new physics beyond the Standard Model. One possibility is the unification of the three Standard Model forces into a single force, possibly through a supersymmetric quantum field theory that also unifies the elementary particles. Another possibility is that the mechanism for spontaneous symmetry breaking is more complicated than in the Standard Model and involves additional Higgs bosons.

Any final theory of physics must incorporate a quantum theory of gravitation. Quantizing gravity has proved to be a difficult problem, but string theory has become established as a consistent theory of quantum gravity. String theory has a rich mathematical structure that is still being explored. A major effort at Ohio State is using string theory to explain the mysterious quantum properties of black holes. Another effort uses string theory to construct extensions of the Standard Model that go beyond quantum field theory.

### High Energy Theory faculty

**Eric Braaten**, Professor

PhD, University of Wisconsin, 1981

Quantum field theory

Heavy quarks and quarkonium

Quark-gluon plasma

Perturbative QCD

**Linda Carpenter**, Associate Professor

PhD, Johns Hopkins University, 2006

High energy physics

Higgs physics and supersymetry

LHC phenomenology

Model building

Phenomenology of weak scale physics

**Gregory Kilcup**, Associate Professor

PhD, Harvard University, 1986

Elementary particle theory

Lattice gauge theory

Supercomputing

**Samir Mathur**, Professor

PhD, Tata Institute, 1987

String theory

Black holes

General relativity

**Stuart Raby**, Professor

PhD, Tel Aviv University, 1976

Physics beyond the Standard Model (grand unified and supersymmetric models)

Problems on the interface of particle physics and astrophysics

Understanding electroweak symmetry breaking and fermion masses

Working on the construction of realistic models of particle physics, based on 10 dimensional superstring theory

**Junko Shigemitsu**, Professor Emeritus

PhD, Cornell University, 1978

Lattice gauge theory

Nonperturbative approaches to strong interactions

Heavy quark physics

Tests of the consistency of the Standard Model of particle physics